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What is Soma?
Soma, also known as carisoprodol, is a muscle relaxant that is prescribed in order to reduce pain, stiffness, and other discomforts associated with muscle spasms, sprains, strains, and other muscle injuries.
It is available on its own as monotherapy or, as generic carisoprodol, combined with aspirin and codeine. When taken as prescribed, it can be a safe and effective medication, but some people abuse it in order to get high. Common street names include Dance, Soma Coma, and Las Vegas Cocktail. Soma is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance, meaning that it has a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence. However, research indicates that abuse of Soma is on the rise, particularly in the last 10 years.
How does Soma work?
Soma works by acting on the central nervous system. It is recommended for the short-term treatment of pain and is available only by prescription. Soma should not be used in place of exercise, physical therapy, and rest for the long-term treatment of muscle and bone conditions.
Soma disturbs the interaction between these nerves present in the central nervous system and relaxes the muscles and makes you feel relief from the pain.
How Soma affects your body?
Soma tablets are prescribed for short-term treatment and they are intended to be taken orally three times daily. These tablets are small, white, and round, with the typical dose being 350 milligrams. Soma is also available in tablet form combined with codeine or aspirin.
A person is more likely to become addicted to Soma if they take it for longer than recommended or if they misuse it in any way, such as taker larger or more frequent doses than prescribed. Some people may also obtain Soma illegally and misuse it to enhance the side effects of other illegal drugs.
Soma Side Effects:
Side effects of muscle relaxers include:
- Sleepiness or grogginess
- Dry mouth
More serious side effects include:
- Light-headedness or fainting
- Blurred vision
- Urinary retention
Any serious side effects should be reported to a doctor immediately.
How long does Soma stay in your body?
f you are a regular user of Soma, it is highly likely that you shall endure the potentially severe withdrawal symptoms from Soma, especially when it is discontinued with no medical supervision.
Assuming that you have completely halted the consumption of Soma medicine, you might want to understand whether or not it stays in your system and for how long. In order to determine the duration of Soma present in your body post discontinuation, it might be important that you consider the elimination of half-life for the medicine’s active ingredient known as “Carisoprodol”.
- On average, Carisoprodol comes with an elimination half-life that is of 2 hours approximately.
- However, depending on the individual, the timing can vary from 1 hour to 3 hours.
- Given this information, one can estimate the medication takes an average of 11 hours for the elimination of carisoprodol from the system.
- Given the 1-3 hours range, Carisoprodol elimination can be as quick as 5.5 hours to as long as 16.5 hours.
With these numbers, one can estimate that after taking Soma, the Carisoprodol can empty out of the system within half of the day. However, it is very crucial for the patients to acknowledge that the carisoprodol is actually metabolized by the hepatic enzymes for the formation of a prominent metabolite named “meprobamate”. This metabolite comes with a half-life that ranges between 6 hours and 17 hours.
However, this number can be as high as 10 long hours. This ultimately states that even though carisoprodol is eliminated sooner, it takes meprobamate longer to be eliminated from the system. To sum it up, you can expect a time frame of fewer than 4 days for both carisoprodol and meprobamate to be eliminated from the body.
Signs and Symptoms of Soma Overdose
Short-term effects of Soma overdose may include:
- Rapid heart rate
- Double vision
- Reduced blood pressure/loss of consciousness
- Difficulty breathing
Although there is a lack of conclusive research detailing the long-term effects of Soma abuse, symptoms, and side effects may include:
- Tolerance (needing more Soma to achieve the desired effects)
- Physical dependence and withdrawal
- Respiratory depression
Impacts of Soma Abuse
Someone who is taking Soma for medical purposes is more likely to develop a Soma addiction later down the line, although this is not always the case. If you believe a friend or loved one is abusing Soma, some common signs of misuse may include:
- Doctor shopping to get multiple Soma prescriptions
- “Losing” Soma prescriptions
- Faking symptoms to get Soma
- Asking a doctor for Soma by name
- Taking Soma more frequently or for longer than necessary
- Taker larger doses of Soma than necessary
Potential for Abuse and Dependence
When taken under a doctor’s care, Soma is generally safe. However, Soma abuse has escalated in the last decade. Those who abuse Soma run the risk of becoming psychologically and physically addicted. When Soma is taken above the recommended dosage levels, effects include:
- Blurred vision
- Loss of coordination
- Racing heartbeat
- Tightness in chest
- Unusual weakness
- False or unusual sense of well-being
- Uncontrolled movements of the eyes, neck, trunk, arms or legs
- Unusual excitement, restlessness or nervousness
Soma Withdrawal Symptoms
If a person is physically dependent on Soma, he or she will experience withdrawal symptoms when the effects of Soma wear off or if he or she tries to quit cold turkey. Soma withdrawal symptoms include:
- Muscle twitching
- Loss of control over body movements
Not only can these symptoms be severely uncomfortable, but in some instances, they may also become life-threatening. As a result, medically-assisted detox programs can help people who are addicted to Soma quite safely in a comfortable and monitored environment.
Nurses and doctors on staff at the detox center will create an individualized plan to address any physical and psychological issues related to the person’s Soma abuse. Throughout detox, treatment staff will closely monitor each patient and administer medication as necessary to relieve withdrawal symptoms and address the psychological aspects of withdrawal, such as anxiety.
It might sound easier to quit on your own, but the reality is much different. Medical detox is safer, more comfortable, and more effective than quitting Soma cold-turkey or attempting to wean oneself off the drug. Clients are also much less likely to relapse during the detox process than if they tried to quit on their own at home.