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Pain Management: Types of Pain and Treatment Options

Pain can be defined as an uncomfortable feeling, which tells that something might be wrong. It can be pinching, aching, stabbing, pulsating, steady, or described in several other ways. At times, it is just a nuisance, such as a mild headache. On certain occasions, it can impair the strength and vitality of a body.

Moreover, pain can bring other physical symptoms, such as drowsiness, weakness, dizziness or vomiting. At the same time, it can bring emotional effects in a person like irritability, mood swings, depression or anger. Perhaps most importantly, it can change an individual’s lifestyle and impact their independence, relationships and job.

Pain has been classified as either chronic or acute. Chronic pain could range from mild to severe. It persists for long duration and is often the consequence of a disease or illness that may need ongoing treatment. Acute pain is generally short-lived and severe and is often an indication that the body has actually been injured. An ideal way to treat pain is to solicit medical recommendations from one of the best pain management doctors.

Main Pain Management Strategies

  • Occupational therapy
  • Body and mind techniques like acupuncture
  • Community support groupsand pain management clinics
  • Psychological therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy, meditation and relaxation techniques
  • Physical therapies like exercise, massage, hydrotherapy and hot or cold packs
  • Pain relieving medicines

Types of Pain

Pain is a term, which describes any form of uncomfortable, or unpleasant sensation in a body. There are different causes and types of pain, such as:

  • Chronic pain
  • Acute pain
  • Referred pain
  • Phantom pain
  • Soft tissue pain
  • Nerve pain
  • Bone pain

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain tends to be different from typical pain. When a person experiences chronic pain, their body continues to transmit pain signals to the brain. This happens even after a wound or injury has healed. This can last many weeks to years. Furthermore, chronic pain can cause limited mobility and reduce your endurance, strength and flexibility. This might make it difficult to finish daily activities and tasks.

The pain may be dull or sharp, causing an aching or burning sensation in the affected area. Some of the common forms of chronic pain are: psychogenic pain (not caused by injury, disease or nerve damage); neurogenic pain, which is caused by damage to nerves; arthritis pain; cancer pain; lower back pain; post-trauma pain; post-surgical and headache. Keep in mind that chronic pain management should be handled immediately and properly under the supervision of an experienced doctor.

Acute Pain

Acute pain begins all of a sudden and is generally sharp in nature. It serves as a caution of disease or a danger to body. It may be caused by many circumstances or events, including: muscle strain, surgical pain, labour and childbirth, dental work or broken bone. Acute pain may be mild and could last only a moment. However, it may be severe and can last for weeks or even months. But in most cases, it does not last for more than 6 months. It disappears or subsides when the underlying cause has been healed or treated. For best therapeutic results and to avoid severe consequences, visit one of the top pain management clinics.

Referred Pain

Referred pain occurs when the pain a person experiences in one part of their body is in fact caused by injury or pain in another part of the body. For instance, a heart attack can be triggering pain in the jaw or an injured pancreas can be causing pain or discomfort in the back. It can be a sign of serious things occurring in the body. It must be kept in mind that it is essential to know how and why referred pain happens. It happens because the nerves present in body are all connected. Nevertheless, if you visit a top pain management near meclinic, you will be able to treat your referred pain.

Phantom Pain

Phantom pain can be defined as ongoing pain sensationswhich seem to emerge from the part or portion of limb that is actually not there. The limb has been amputated, but the pain is real. Most often, the onset of pain occurs shortly after surgery. An individual with phantom pain can feel different things, such as pressure, itching, twisting or burning. Generally, it is felt in toes or fingers. Quite a few medical studies have pointed that nearly 75% of amputee population across the globe has experienced this type of pain. The length of duration this pain could last differs from individual to individual. Professional center for painmanagementwill be a good place to address your phantom pain.

Soft Tissue Pain

Soft tissue (tendons, ligaments and muscles) may exhibit abnormal tension from sprain, strain, traumatic injury or poor posture. This tension might produce tenderness and pain and cause dysfunctions in movement. Soft tissue pain could manifest in several ways, involving trigger points. It may be related with bruising or swelling and some of the common causes include: temporomandibular joint syndrome, sports injuries like strains or sprains, sciatic pain, rotator cuff injury, fibromyalgia, bursitis, neck or back pain.

Nerve Pain

It is caused by inflammation or nerve damage. Usually, it is described as a stabbing, burning, shooting or sharp pain and might also be referred to as neuropathic or neuralgia pain. Some individuals describe it as like an electric current and it is generally worse at night. It can severely impact your personal life, including physical activity levels, work and sleep. Experienced pain management doctors will be in a better position to assess this type of pain and provide treatment.

Bone Pain

This is discomfort, aching or tenderness in one or multiple bones that is actually present during both rest and exercise. Commonly, this kind of pain is associated with diseases or conditions that affect the function or structure of bone like osteoporosis, sickle cell anaemia, mineral deficiency, leukaemia, infection, fracture or cancer. Many pregnant women feel pelvic girdle pain. If you experience bone pain, then pain management clinics will be the best possible option to get effective treatment.

Treatment Options for Pain

Drug Therapy: Prescription and Non-prescription – Mild forms of pain might be relieved or treated by over-the-counter medicines, such as Tylenol or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen, ibuprofen and aspirin. Both nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and Tylenol reduce pain caused by muscle stiffness and aches. In addition, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications reduce irritation, swelling and inflammation. Additionally, topical pain relivers, such as sprays, lotions or creams that are applied on skin decrease inflammation and pain from arthritis and sore muscles. With the help of these medicines, chronic pain management can be handled properly.

Trigger Point Injections – It is a medical procedurewhich is used to heal painful or sore areas of muscle that have trigger points. These knots of muscle form when muscles actually do not relax. A doctor, using a small injection, interjects local anaesthetic that at times includes a steroid in a trigger point. With the help of injection, the physicians make the trigger point inactive, which in turn, alleviates pain. This procedure is used to deal with muscle pain in the neck, lower back, arms and legs. Healthcare experts at center for painmanagement use trigger point injections to treat various types of pain. 

Surgical Implants – When physical therapy and standard drugs fail to provide adequate pain relief, then a surgical implant will be the best alternative to control pain. There are 2 types of implants for controlling pain:

  • Spinal Cord Stimulation: In this procedure, low electrical signals are carried to spinal cord or to particular nerves to obstruct pain signals from going to the brain. It is especially used for limb and back pain.
  • Intrathecal Drug Delivery: It is also known as spinal drug delivery or infusion pain pump. The doctor makes a small pocket beneath the skin to grip a medicine pump. The physician also places a catheter that carries pain medication from the pump to intrathecal space across the spinal cord. This medical procedure should only be conducted at the best pain management near me

Bioelectric Therapy – This therapy decreases pain by hindering pain messages from going to the brain. It also prompts the human body to generate chemicals known as endorphins that eliminate or reduce pain sensations by obstructing pain signals from reaching the brain. The therapy can also be used to handle many acute and chronic conditions causing pain, like scleroderma, diabetic neuropathy, TMJ disorder, arthritis, migraine and headache, muscle pain and back pain.

Physical Therapy – It helps to alleviate pain or discomfort by utilizing special techniques that tend to improve function and movement impaired by a disability or injury. Apart from employing strengthening, stretching and pain-relieving methods, a physical therapist might also use transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation procedure to aid treatment.

With the help of these productive treatment options, you will be able to get rid of your pain in the best possible manner. For best results, a patient should also take medicines on time as recommended by their healthcare expert to avoid any side effects.

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