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Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms, Types, and More

Insomnia is the lack of ability to stay asleep or fall asleep during the night, resulting in non-restorative or unrefreshing sleep. It is a common disorder among the people across the world, which takes a heavy toll on the mood, energy and overall ability to work during the day.

If this disorder is neglected over a period of time, it can cause serious health problems, such as weight gain, hypertension and diabetes. People suffering from insomnia often don’t feel fresh when they wake up from their sleep. This can cause fatigue, dizziness and other symptoms.

Types of Insomnia

There are 2 types of insomnia based on duration and regularity of sleep disruption and daytime symptoms:

  • Short-term Insomnia: It can last for up to 3 months. It has been noticed that this type of insomnia occurs in 10 to 15 percent of people.
  • Chronic Insomnia: This insomnia occurs in people at least 3 times in a week and can last for up to 3 months. It has been observed that 10 percent of individuals suffer from this sleep disorder.

A qualified sleep doctor is the best option to treat chronic sleeplessness. A sleep doctor assists in making sure that there is nothing else in the sleep which is causing chronic sleeplessness. Options for treatment are talked about with an experienced sleep physician in order to avoid fatal insomnia.

Insomnia Causes

Mental Disorders: The link between sleep and psychological health is complex. Sometimes, insomnia is caused by mental disorder. It has been noted that a mental health condition will be found or detected after insomnia. Gloominess or depression is a common cause of insomnia.

Individuals with depression often experience difficulty in staying asleep or falling asleep. Trouble falling asleep is common in individuals with anxiety disorders. Furthermore, other mood disorders like bipolar disorder might also cause problems in sleep.

Medical Conditions: Many diseases can cause insomnia. Individuals suffering from limited mobility, discomfort or pain from medical problems might have difficulty staying asleep or falling asleep.

Insomnia occurring from medical conditions is common in older people because they tend to experience more chronic health issues as they age. Moreover, conditions such as menopause, and pregnancy, especially the third semester can also cause sleep difficulties. The duration and severity of this disorder often varies with associated health condition.

Substance Abuse or Medication:

Insomnia could be an undesirable side effect of several over-the-counter or prescription medicines. Common allergy and cold medications contain pseudoephedrine that can make it tough to fall asleep.Drugs to treat Parkinson’s disease, high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and even antidepressants can also cause insomnia icd 10.

Nicotine, Caffeine and Alcohol: Cola, tea, coffee and other caffeinated drinks act as stimulants. Drinking these beverages late in the evening or afternoon can keep a person away from falling asleep during the night.

In addition, nicotine present in tobacco products can also interfere with sleep. Though, alcohol might help you to fall asleep, it prevents deep sleep and causes awaking in the middle of night.

Sleep-related Disorders:

Sleeping problem such as sleep apnea can make a person stop breathing sporadically throughout the night, thus interrupting their sleep. Additionally, restless legs syndrome often causes bad sensations in the legs and a nearly irresistible feeling to move them that may prevent from falling asleep.

Lifestyle or Habits: Irregular sleep schedules can cause sleeplessness in workers who work at night and sleep during the day. Working night shift, pushing the bedtime very late, or being a frequent night visitor can also cause insomnia cookies.

Environmental Factors: Where you actually sleep can cause trouble sleeping. Factors like temperature, light or noise can affect sleep. Also, if your bed partner snores a lot, this can disrupt your sleep a lot. Extensive exposure to chemicals and environmental toxins may prevent an individual to stay asleep or fall asleep.

Symptoms of Insomnia

Besides disrupted sleep, difficulty in sleeping can lead to other issues like:

  • anxiety, depression or irritability
  • sleepiness or daytime fatigue
  • gastrointestinal symptoms
  • poor focus and concentration
  • low energy and motivation level
  • anxiety or worry about sleeping
  • lack of coordination, causing accidents or errors
  • difficulty studying, working or socializing
  • tension headaches
  • using alcohol or medication to fall asleep

If sleeplessness makes it difficult for youto work during the day, it would be better for you to see your doctor immediately to identify the real cause of your sleeping problem and how it can be effectively treated. If the doctor thinks you might have covid insomnia, you may be referred to a dedicated sleep center for medical testing.

Treatments for Insomnia

There are both medical and nonmedical treatments for insomnia. Depending upon the existing condition and severity of your sleeplessness, the doctor would recommend appropriate treatment. You may try different treatments before determining an ideal one. Many physicians around the globe, especially in the U.S., suggest cognitive behavioural therapy as first-line treatment for adults suffering from insomnia cookies nyc.

On the other hand, sleep hygiene training might also be recommended. On certain occasions, behaviours which interfere with sleep can cause insomnia. Keep in mind that sleep hygiene training could change some of the disruptive behaviours. Some of the suggested changes might include:

  • avoiding exercise or workout close to bedtime
  • avoiding caffeinated drinks near bedtime
  • reducing time spent on the bed when you are not intending to sleep like surfing the internet on your mobile phone or watching television.

If there is an underlying medical or psychological disorder contributing to insomnia, getting proper treatment for it can relieve sleep difficulties.

Medications for Insomnia

Sometimes, medicines are used to deal with insomnia. An example of over-the-counter drug that can be taken for sleep is antihistamine like Benadryl. However, medicines like this can cause side effects, particularly in the long run.

Therefore, it is essential to consult with a physician before taking over-the-counter medicine for insomnia. Some of the prescription drugs that may be utilized to treat problems while sleeping include Ambien and Lunesta.

Before consuming any medication for insomnia, you must remember that there might be drug interactions or side effects. Not every sleep medicine is appropriate for everyone.

Alternatively, trying home remedies or making lifestyle changes can help manage several cases of sleeplessness. Valerian, herbal tea and warm milk are some of the natural sleep aids which you can try to manage insomnia cookies delivery.


Melatonin is a hormone which is produced during sleep cycle. Individuals often consume melatonin supplements in order to improve their sleep. Nevertheless, studies are indecisive regarding whether melatonin could really help treat insomnia. But there is some proof that supplements may marginally reduce the time to fall asleep, but additional research is required.

Generally, melatonin is considered to be safe and effective for a short time, nonetheless its long-term safety and efficacy have to be confirmed. For best treatment of chronic insomnia, you should always seek advice from your healthcare expert before taking melatonin


Meditation is an easy, natural, drug-free method to treat insomnia. As per a 2016 research, meditation can improve the overall quality of sleep and make it easier to stay asleep and fall asleep. Meditation can also alleviate the symptoms of conditions which might contribute to difficulty in sleeping. These include pain, digestive problems, depression, anxiety and stress. Many videos and apps are also available to help practice meditation.

Essential Oils

These oils are actually strong aromatic liquids which are produced from a variety of trees, flowers and plants. People treat different conditions by breathing oils or by massaging the oils into the skin. This exercise is referred to as aromatherapy. Some of the essential oils to help sleep include bitter orange (neroli), sandalwood, lavender, cedarwood and Roman chamomile.

Many studies have discovered that aromatherapy is beneficial in initiating sleep. In addition, lavender has also been found to be useful in initiating and sustaining proper sleep. The studies also found that mixture of essential oils increased wellbeing and decreased sleep disturbance in older adults. Also, these oils don’t usually cause negative effects when consumed as directed by a physician.

Diagnosis of Insomnia

Do I have insomnia? This question can be answered by asking yourself some questions, such as:

  • Do you sleep in a dark, quiet and safe environment that should facilitate uninterrupted sleep?
  • Do you devote yourself sufficient time in bed to acquire minimum seven hours of sleep every night?
  • Do you experience daytime symptoms like reduced energy, moodiness or fatigue?
  • Do you take more than thirty minutes in order to sleep, or have difficulty returning to sleep, or do you wake up suddenly during the night, or do you get up from your sleep earlier than desired?

If you answer yes to these questions, you may be suffering from insomnia cookies nyc. If you have been suffering from problems while sleeping since last 3 months, you must consider an appointment with a qualified sleep physician at a licensed sleep center. On the other hand, if you have been suffering from sleep problems for less than 3 months, you might have short term insomnia.

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