Hydrocodone is a widely prescribed painkiller that is given to patients who experience modest to severe pain. The medicine is also sold in the market under brand names Norco, Lortab and Vicodin. The painkiller provides good healing effects but can be harmful for those who abuse it. Many people who take more doses or consume the medication for a long period of time without the approval of a doctor experience addiction and withdrawal symptoms. Hydrocodone acetaminophen is an opioid as morphine and oxycodone, and like these similar opioid medicines, comes an increased probability of addiction and dependence.
Causes of Addiction
Hydrocodone connects to proteins in spinal cord and brain called opioid receptors. The opioids block the pain signals moving to the brain to alter the perception of pain and emotional reaction to it. Usually, hydrocodone is safe and effective if it is used correctly for a short period. However, it has been noticed that some individuals who start taking the doses for treatment of pain, change their course of medical action by consuming the drug for getting euphoric feeling. As a result, these people use the medication for longer than prescribed or use more dosages than recommended by a physician.
Symptoms of Hydrocodone Addiction
If the doses are abused or mistreated, hydrocodone side effects will occur. Some of the common symptoms of addiction include muscle weakness, drowsiness, clammy or cold skin, slow breathing, blurred vision, headache, confusion, depression and fear, ringing in ears, vomiting and nausea, seizures, light-headedness, slow heartbeat, increased heart rate, sweating, anxiety, insomnia and preoccupation.
Oftentimes, users will start their exposure to hydrocodone after a surgery or injury. In a short time, tolerance to the medicine can occur. Physical dependency could develop after 5 to 7 days of use. On the other hand, psychological dependency can happen almost immediately. Moreover, key symptoms of addiction are pinpoint pupils and drowsiness. Often, a person will experience changes in mood between periods of inebriation and withdrawal.
Many users who are addicted to hydrocodone bitartrate use other substances also, such as fentanyl and heroin. Heroin and hydrocodone have same chemical composition and produce similar feelings of euphoria. It has been observed that addiction of hydrocodone causes fentanyl or heroin abuse since they are easily available opiates. Hydrocodone withdrawal signs depend on an individual and the overall intensity of symptoms could vary. Generally, withdrawal symptoms begin six to twelve hours after the last dosage and remain for a week or even more. Insomnia, nausea, muscle aches, runny nose, watery eyes, fatigue, loss of appetite, stomach cramps, irritability and diarrhoea are frequent symptoms of withdrawal.
People who become addicted eventually need to consume more doses to experience euphoric feelings they are seeking from hydrocodone acetaminophen 10-325 español. When they take high doses than intended, they put themselves at risk for an overdose. Some of the signs of hydrocodone overdose are loss of consciousness, muscle weakness throughout the body, disorientation, slow heartbeat, slow breathing, coma and even death.
Treating Addiction of Hydrocodone
If you think you are taking hydrocodone doses for longer than recommended by your physician or consuming it in larger dosages despite any negative effects, you might have an addiction. Inform your doctor about this straightaway. The medic may reduce the doses slowly rather than discontinuing them suddenly. Stopping use all of a sudden can cause withdrawal symptoms like muscle aches, unusual sweating, irritability, difficulty in sleeping or anxiety.
If you think you are not able to quit hydrocodone on your own, you do not need to worry because there are programs that can assist you. Some of the programs use medicines to help facilitate withdrawal, while others do not. The most appropriate approach for you would depend on the overall nature of your addiction. Keep in mind that long term addiction which involves high doses of hydrocodone acetamin 5-325 may involve longer recovery time than addiction or dependence from short term use.
A proper mental health evaluation must be part of the recovery. Individuals suffering from substance abuse disorders must be screened for mental depression and other psychological health issues. You can also opt for support groups both during and after the recovery. Alongside addiction therapy and treatment, it is essential for a recovering addict to find and get support through counsellors, local groups, friends and family members.
Rehabilitation programs can help addicts focus on recovery and find new ways to handle stress and pain without using hydrocodone. Some of the benefits of rehabilitation include helprebuilding relationships; providing healthy recreational activities to medication; teaching relapse prevention activities, communication skills and healthy boundaries; help building and establishing stress-reduction and healthy coping skills; and providing patients with solid foundation in early physical and mental recovery to help them as they move to real world without any addiction.
Prevention of Hydrocodone Addiction
The best way to avoid addiction is to consume the dosages exactly as your physician prescribes. Furthermore, it is essential to record pain in your diary while you consume hydrocodone doses. Appraise your pain diary regularly to see how you are progressing. If you think your pain is reducing, let your medic know. Your healthcare provider may want to decrease your dose slowly and have you discontinued it sooner than expected. If you feel you have developed a craving for hydrocodone even when you feel moderate or no pain, speak with your healthcare expert instantly. The doctor can work with you to assess and execute an appropriate course of medical action to avoid hydrocodone addiction.
How Long Does Hydrocodone Stay in Your System?
Hydrocodone takes 18 to 24 hours to get completely discharged from the human body, but the timing varies considerably, depending on the area of body that a doctor is testing. Keep in mind that the traces of drug could remain in particular areas of body beyond 24 hours also. In the blood, the medication is present at highest level in around 1.3 hours and can be detectable for 24 hours after consumption.In the saliva, hydrocodone can be detected between twelve and thirty-six hours after intake of a dose. In the hair, the medicine is detectable for the longest time – around 90 days after an individual takes the drug.
How Long Does Hydrocodone Stay in Urine?
The tests can detect the dose for 2 to 4 days after an individual takes it. There are many factors that can influence the time it takes for this drug to leave the body, such as:
Age – Young people process the dosages rapidly than older adults, because their organs are heathier and stronger, compared with the organs of adults.
Dose – A doctor recommends a dose depending on an individual’s body fat composition, weight and height, so dosages alter from person to person.
Frequency of Consumption – When a person takes hydrocodone for a long duration, it takes longer to discharge the medication from their body, compared with individuals who only take the dosages for a few days. Higher dosages take a long time to leave the body, compared to lower doses.
Genetics – In the human body, there are 2 types of enzymes which help process hydrocodone: UDP-glucuronosyltransferases and CYP450. The quantity and quality of these enzymes tend to vary from individual to individual according to their genetics. This also affects how an individual metabolizes a drug.