Depression is a medical condition, which adversely affects the ability to function, and even mood of a person. Depressive symptoms include hopelessness, anxious or feeling sad. The co condition could also cause difficulty with sleeping, eating, memory and thinking. A medical diagnosis of main depressive disorder means an individual has felt worthless, low or sad most days for two weeks while also experiencing other symptoms like change in appetite, reduced interest in activities or sleep problems. Without proper treatment, depression could get worse and may last longer, which might lead to chronic depression. In severe cases, depression can cause self-harm or even death. However, there are some effective treatments that can improve this psychological condition.
Symptoms of Depression
Some of the symptoms can include difficulty in making decisions, concentrating or thinking; attempt at suicide or recurrent thoughts of suicide or death; feelings of guilt or worthlessness; loss of energy or fatigue; slowed speech and movement; pacing up and down and restlessness; sleeping too less or too much; unintentional weight gain or loss; changes in appetite; decreased sexual desire; depressed mood; or reduced interest in the activities once enjoyed.
Depression Symptoms in Males and Females
Around 9 percent of men in the U.S. have feelings of anxiety or depression, according to a report by American Psychological Association. Males suffering from depression are likely than females to display anger, drink excess alcohol and engage in risky activities. Other symptoms in males might include working without a necessary break, avoiding social situations and families, controlling/dominating behaviour in relationships, displaying abusive or aggressive behaviour.
According to the report by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, depression is almost twice as common amongst women as men. There are some signs of depression, which tend to appear often in females, such as continuously preoccupied with negative thoughts, fatigue, mood swings, anxiety and irritability. Moreover, some forms of depression are distinctive to females like postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
In teenagers, peer pressure, physical changes and other factors could contribute to depression. They may experience the following symptoms: inability to sit still; feeling guilty, worthless or helpless; withdrawing from family and friends; or difficulty concentrating in school. TheCenters for Disease Control and Prevention further estimates that 3.2 percent of teenagers and children in the U.S. aged 3 to 16 suffer from depression.
In children, symptoms of clinical depression can make social activities and schoolwork challenging. They may experience symptoms like vocal outburst, defiant behaviour, clinginess, low energy or crying. Younger children might have problem showing how they feel in words, which can make it difficult for them to explain their feelings of melancholy or sadness.
For college students, time at college could be stressful, and an individual might be dealing with other experiences, cultures and lifestyles for the first time. Some students have problem dealing with these changes. They might develop anxiety, depression, or even both. Symptoms of great depression in students may include avoiding social activities and situations, increase or decrease in appetite, sleeping excessively, insomnia, or difficulty focusing on schoolwork.
Causes of Depression
There are several causes of depression which can range from circumstantial to biological. Some of the common causes include:
Drug Use: History of alcohol or drug misuse can affect the risk
Medical Conditions: Specific conditions may put a person at higher risk like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, chronic pain, insomnia or chronic illness.
Brain Structure: There can be an increased danger of depression if frontal lobe of the brain is less active. But scientists are not sure whether this occurs after or before the onset of depressive symptoms.
Childhood Trauma: Some situations or events can affect the way the human body reacts to stressful situations or fear.
Family History: An individual will be at a higher risk of experiencing the great depression if they have a genetic history of depression or any other mood disorder.
Furthermore, about 20 percent of individuals who have substance use problem can also experience depression. Apart from these causes, other danger factors for depression might include stressful events like a divorce, economic problems or loss of a loved one; certain medications; history of mental illness; being critical or low self-esteem. Many factors can determine feelings of depression along with who develops this condition and who does not.
Treatment of Depression
The doctor may prescribe antipsychotic medications or antidepressants for treating depression icd 10. Keep in mind that each medication which is used has benefits and risks. In addition, getting recommendations from a professional psychotherapist can help you to learn the skills to deal with negative feelings. A person might also benefit from group or family therapy sessions. Exposure to white light doses can help regulate mood and improve tropical depression.You can also ask your physician about meditation or acupuncture.
Some medics prescribe herbal supplements such as SAMe, St. Johns Wort or fish oil. Speak with your healthcare expert before taking any supplement or consuming a supplement with medicine because some supplements could react with certain medicines. Some supplements might also deteriorate depression or decrease the effectiveness of drug. Try to engage in physical activity for 30 minutes, 3 to 4 days a week. Regular exercise can increase the body’s production of endorphins. These endorphins are hormones which improve the mood.
In most cases, your doctor will ask you some questions in order to diagnose depression, such as your thoughts, activity level, sleep pattern, appetite and moods. Because depression could be linked with other health problems, the physician may also perform a physical exam and advise blood test. Sometimes vitamin D deficiency or thyroid problems can trigger depression. You should not ignore signs of depression. If the mood does not improve or gets aggravated, get medical help immediately. Remember that depression is a severe mental health condition with potential for many complications. If depression is left untreated, complications may include self-harm, thoughts of suicide, social isolation, relationship problems, panic attacks, substance use problems, physical pain, weight loss or gain.